El Salvador Way
Stage 3: Mieres - Oviedo/Uviéu
Last stage of the Camino del Salvador route, joining the towns of Mieres del Camín with the Asturian capital, in which the Holy Chamber of its Cathedral constitutes the symbolic end of a journey whose main objective was to bring pilgrims closer to the relics of this sanctuary, the most important in Spain for the quantity and quality of sacred objects that it housed and that in the Middle Ages made it the second center of attraction for pilgrims in Spain, only behind Compostela.
The stage is 17.30 kilometers long, running through the councils of Mieres, Ribera de Arriba and Oviedo. It is a stage of abundant twists and turns, with steep ascents and descents, which already begin when leaving behind the urban nucleus of Siere, with the ascent to the top of Padrún and the subsequent descent to Olloniego. After passing through this town of Oviedo, the ascents and descents return, more moderate, until the final arrival in Oviedo. <<<<<<<
The vast majority of the route runs along asphalt roads and road shoulders, although there is a small percentage of the stage (just 3 kilometers) that is done on dirt and gravel paths. There is a section of special interest on the Jacobean route at this stage. It is the road, still largely paved, which is located on the ascent to PicuLlanza (in the Ribera de Arriba council) and later in the final sections of the descent from this elevation.
This is a purely rural stage, in which except for passing through the towns of Mieres, Olloniego and, at the end, Oviedo, one circulates mainly through a natural environment, dotted with small towns and hamlets of great interest. The cultural heritage is abundant and varied, starting with the traditional Miere neighborhood of Requexo to continue with the abundant traditional architecture (farmhouses, granaries, laundries, chapels) that will be presented to the pilgrim as they circulate through small towns such as La Rebollada, Copián , Casares or Picullanza, to indicate just a few. It also passes through the historic town of Olloniego, which shows with its bridge over a riverbed of the Nalón river that has not existed since 177? and in the palace of the Bernaldo de Quirós two great landmarks of the Jacobean heritage of Asturias.
Historical references to the passage of pilgrims through this stage are very abundant. There were accommodations for care and assistance to the rosemary in towns such as La Rebollada (where there was a malateria that also served the pilgrim since the 12th century). Also in Copián, it is recorded that King Alfonso VI ordered the construction of a hostel in 1103, followed in subsequent centuries by references to attempts to materialize this desire, which is unknown if it came true. In Olloniego there was a hospital, dedicated to Our Lady of Remedies, in the Fuente de Abajo neighborhood, the house where he settled is still preserved. Finally, at the destination of this stage and the Camino del Salvador, Oviedo, there was a wide network of support and service equipment for the pilgrim.
Start of the stage in the Plaza de La Pasera de Mieres. We flank the doorway of the church of San Juan and continue straight ahead, crossing over the San Juan river and leaving the Plaza de Requexu on the right, flanked by traditional buildings, with two and three floors, with galleries and wooden corridors. On the ground floor there are several cider houses that make this space one of the symbolic centers of Asturian cider culture, which is honored by means of a sculpture of a cider pourer, next to which the route of the Camino passes.
- Related item: Plaza de Requexu
Continue straight ahead, leaving the Plaza de Requexu behind and entering Calle Oñón (which coincides with the transit of the autonomous highway AS-242 through the urban center of Mieres), between modern blocks of houses and some isolated old houses.
A sports center is left on the left, in front of a fountain from 1896 located in a section of stone wall retaining the slope.
- Related item: Fuente de 1896
You continue straight on, without taking any detour through the side streets, passing by a gas station and then continuing through the La Peña neighborhood, running along a sidewalk next to the ruins of the old meat industry of Los Mallos and the coal sink of Batán, belonging to the Hunosa company.
- Related item: Lavadero de Batán
On the right, at a level higher than that of the road, the traditional houses of the La Peña neighborhood are displayed, with one and two storeys. It continues between ruins of old industrial facilities and some isolated dwellings, crossing under two viaducts of the mining highway, and then leaving on the left a laundry room from 1897, built in brick and with a wooden roof. After this washhouse, which takes advantage of the waters of the Santiso river, already in an area of working-class dwellings, there is a detour to the right that leads, after 75 meters, to the church and the pilgrims’ hostel in Mieres.
At this junction, the official road continues its route straight ahead, along the AS-242 regional road, which in this area has sidewalks, next to workers’ houses located on the right side of the road, while the left side borders warehouses and workshops , locating in it a stone fountain from 1896. You continue along this sidewalk until you reach a roundabout, where you continue to the right, next to an alignment of houses and the entrance (formed in the manner of a large span access in a stone wall) to the old mercury mine of La Peña.
- Related item: Mina de La Peña
After that access portal to the mine, continue straight ahead on the AS-242, which soon ceases to have sidewalks, so it will be necessary to drive along the hard shoulder. You ascend between worker-type dwellings and trees, the road being boxed in between a high slope of land on the right and a steep slope on the left. Approximately half a kilometer after having left the last houses of La Peña behind, you will reach the town of La Rebollá, passing by its church of Santa María Magdalena, in the area known as La Malatería.
We continue along the road, crossing the town, with two and three-storey houses, some granary and a monumental stone fountain from 1923.
- Related item: Fuente
Leaving La Rebollá behind, the ascent continues, with a steep slope and the passage through very sharp curves, between increasingly isolated houses and excellent views, to the left, of the Caudal river valley and, just opposite, after the highway, and in the valley, from the town of Ablaña.
After a journey of about 400 meters, you reach the town of El Rollu, with houses and some granaries and bread boxes.
- Related item: El Rollu
Next, you will arrive at Copián, continuing the ascent along the regional road, between houses, wide meadows on the left, and views of the Ablaña thermal power plant, located right in front of this area, at the bottom of the valley.
- Related item: Copián
About 700 meters after having left the last houses of Copián behind, you will arrive, in a curve, and at the foot of the Gúa peak, to the Santa Lucía washhouse, built in 1933, as evidenced by a stone inscription, of rationalist design.
- Related item: Lavadero de Santa Lucía
After the laundry, you soon arrive at the small group of houses in Santa Lucía, on the right side of the road, under an extensive eucalyptus plantation.
- Related item: Santa Lucía
On the left hand side continue the excellent panoramic views of the Caudal valley and, in the background, of the Sierra del Aramo.
The ascent continues and leads to the next town, Aguilar, the first thing that appears on the right hand side, after which and after a curve and a section between meadows, we reach the town’s houses, aligned around the road , highlighting a large bread basket on the right.
Immediately afterwards, the road leads to El Padrún, the town also being preceded by a laundry (in the La Piperona area), on the right hand side of the route, behind which the houses of this nucleus are arranged, located right next to the Alto del Padrún, 385 meters high.
- Related item: El Padrún
Once the top of this hill has been reached, the descent begins towards a long row of buildings, on the left side of the road, of a working class type, with juxtaposed two-storey dwellings, with the recesses of the holes highlighted by bricks. After these houses, you pass next to some meadows, finally reaching another small nucleus of houses located right on the edge of the councils of Mieres and Oviedo.
As soon as you enter Oviedo, the path leaves the cart and veers off to the right towards the town of Casares, along an asphalt road sandwiched between slopes of land on both sides, which leads downhill to that town between meadows, after a journey of about 250 meters.
- Related item: Casares
You reach the town, the first house facing the road being a traditional two-story building, with a wooden corridor on the top. At that moment, it turns to the left, towards an open space in which a fountain and a covered laundry are located, continuing in front of these elements and then turning to the left, so that you do not get to enter Casares.
- Related item: Lavadero de Casares
The path descends along an asphalt track for about 80 meters, after which you take the first possible detour to the right, along a narrow dirt path that runs between meadows and flanked by abundant vegetation, trees and scrub, and that progressively becomes it is encasing itself between slopes of earth. After half a kilometer this path leads to the road, continuing along its shoulder to the right, going down a slope that leads to a crossroads, where you turn left, continuing along the shoulder of the road between meadows, trees and some isolated house, case of a large one located on a curve, on the right hand side of the road, at a lower elevation than it.
This road leads after a little more than 700 meters to the town of Olloniego, the road deviating after that distance, turning left towards the railway station on a road that has a sidewalk. Shortly after the detour, the so-called Fountain of the Fools, built in 1776, is located on the left, conserving the stone spout from the Baroque period, to which a laundry, also made of stone, has been attached. This fountain is a testimony of the efforts made in Asturias in the 18th century to improve the provision of the access roads to the capital.
- Related item: Fuente de Los Locos
After the fountain, continue along the sidewalk until you reach an underpass, on the right, which you take. This step allows you to cross the railroad tracks, then accessing a pedestrian walkway over the highway, which leads to a farmhouse with a large bread basket, and to the main road that crosses Olloniego, with the name of Avenida del Príncipe Asturias, running the route through the sidewalk on this road, to the left.
- Related item: Olloniego
This sidewalk leads to the town of Olloniego, soon appearing the first houses, as well as the building of the municipal swimming pools, on the left. Modern residential buildings alternate with other traditional ones of a working-class type, and there are also, in an open space on the right hand side of the road, several granaries and breadbaskets that are very altered but of interest for their decoration. A bread basket located in front of the church stands out for its carved decoration, which includes from a coat of arms to an inscription that indicates “Year of 1800”.
You pass in front of the health center, an old house with a shield on its façade and next to several houses with large corridors on its upper floors, then arriving at the parish church, on the left hand side of the road, with a monument to the miners next to it. and a small park in front.
- Related item: Antiguo hospital de peregrinos
- Related item: Antiguas escuelas públicas
- Related item: Monumento a los mineros
- Related item: Iglesia de San Pelayo
After the church, continue straight on, among more traditional houses, in which wooden corridors are frequent, and already in the final part of the town, the cemetery appears on the right, surrounded by a high stone wall, just in front from the access to the main monumental complex of this town, to the Torre de los Quirós, the annex to the Bernaldo de Quirós palace and the old stone bridge over the Nalón river.
After this complex, continue along the shoulder of the AS-242 road (now without a sidewalk), leaving behind the last houses of Olloniego, as well as a detour to go to Santianes and Tudela Agüeria. You pass under a highway viaduct and access, by road, the modern bridge over Olloniego, designed in 1780 by the architect Manuel Reguera, and which has a large approach road, between stone walls, which precedes the bridge. proper, through which the river is crossed.
- Related item: Puente nuevo
After crossing the Nalón, you will reach El Portazgo, with the old real portazgo toll office on the left. Behind this construction, in a small neighborhood that has arisen around it, stands out a villa of an Indian promotion, located on a plot in whose garden stands a palm tree, and a house with a corridor, of traditional Asturian typology.
- Related item: Oficina del Portazgo
Leaving the toll house behind, we continue to the right, along a narrow stone path, with sections of natural paving, which runs between trees and rises sharply up the slope of Mount Corona, allowing us to contemplate, on the right, good prospects for the bridge over the Nalón and the Olloniego industrial estate. Later, the town of Manzanea can be seen from the front.
After about 700 meters of travel along this track, you come to the vicinity of a single-family house, under which you pass, crossing a gate and arriving at a flat area with firm concreting, with a large construction on the left, destined to healthcare services, continuing to the left, next to the facilities of this institution and next to several football fields, to the right, after which the second detour to the right that appears, just before reaching the limit between the councils of Oviedo and Ribera de Arriba, along a paved track that ascends between trees, meadows and some section of side stone wall, driving after a half-kilometer route to the town of Picullanza, then passing the paved road and turning to the right, crossing the small nucleus, between traditional houses with wooden corridors and some large bread baskets.
- Related item: Picullanza
After passing by a two-storey house, with a large wooden corridor at the top, on a curve, you come to a crossroads where the path continues to the right, continuing along a paved road that ascends a slope to pass next to a large bread basket behind which is located a Mariñana type house and a house between stone side walls with a corridor on the upper floor, in the nucleus of La Venta’l Aire.
- Related item: La Venta’l Aire
Leaving this complex behind, you continue ascending the road until you leave the next curve, to continue straight ahead along a concrete path flanked by the closing stone walls of a modern house located on the right, at a higher elevation. than the road, and with meadows to the left. From this point you get the first view of the city of Oviedo, in the background, under Mount Naranco.
We continue along this track that continues its course between meadows and some isolated houses, continuing to the right at the first fork of roads that appears, and passing, after about 400 meters to run along a path of earth and stone, flanked for a brief section by eucalyptus trees on its right bank. You reach the town of San Miguel, right on the border between the councils of Ribera de Arriba and Oviedo.
- Related item: San Miguel
The path (now a paved track) passes through the middle of the buildings, next to a bread bin and a granary, then continuing along a section in which the route will be delimited by stone walls, until it reaches a Mariñana-style house. After this house, which the route becomes a dirt path, later paved, that descends between trees, stone walls and meadows, ending after a journey of about 600 meters on a road, curved, continuing along its shoulder toward the left. The Camino descends and advances straight ahead, at a junction with another road that starts to the left, passing next in front of a small farmhouse, with three buildings and a granary, aligned on both sides of the road, in the center of La Venta, passing later, around a sharp curve, next to a long stone nave.
- Related item: La Venta
You go up the road between meadows and some trees, leaving behind a detour to the left, with a large farmhouse and a granary.
We continue straight on, passing next to another farmhouse and leaving a new detour on the left, continuing the climb and leaving behind an isolated farmhouse, in Caxigal, to then reach a covered laundry, on the left hand side of the road. After this washhouse, you soon reach the town of Los Prietos, which is flanked by following the route of the road, leaving the town center on the left hand side of the Camino.
Continue along the road passing through the area of El Caserón, with many granaries and bread baskets and traditional buildings. The road ends up merging with the ¿?, Continuing straight ahead, passing by a two-story building dedicated to a hotel business and arriving at an area already with a sidewalk, through which it descends, between single-family houses and plot closings, now in La Manxoya.
- Related item: La Manxoya
Soon you will pass by the ruins of the old church of Santiago de La Manjoya, on the right hand side of the road, at a somewhat higher level, and, just 50 meters later, you will reach the modern church of La Manjoya, on the left hand side of the road. , with the cemetery next to it, on a plot surrounded by a stone wall, inside which a statue of the pilgrim stands.
After the church, continue descending through the neighborhood of La Bolgachina, passing under a viaduct of the Oviedo ring road, continuing straight on Armando Collar street, between modern blocks of buildings, for another 340 meters and then turning towards turn left along Calle Malatería, a concrete track that borders the Parque de Invierno, adjacent to the closing wall of the old San Lázaro malatería, in the Oviedo neighborhood of the same name.
- Related item: Antigua malatería de san Lázaro
Continue along this path, without deviating, until you reach Gil Blas street, turning then to the right to pass in front of the main facade of the old malatería.
After the malatería, turn left and continue along Calle Aurelio del Llano, reaching the intersection with the Ronda Interior de Oviedo, on Calle Muñoz Degraín, at a point where a statue erected in 2007 and dedicated to Santiago Peregrino.
Cross the ring road and continue along Leopoldo Alas street, flanking the plot where the Metropolitan Seminary of Oviedo is located, in whose facilities there is a pilgrim hostel. On this street there are several blocks of public housing from the 1950s.
At the end of the street, at a crossroads at the beginning of the Campillín park, continue straight ahead, along Calle Magdalena, now in the historic center of Oviedo, passing in front of the old Vistalegre palace and the residence of La Magdalena?
This street ends at the Plaza de la Constitución, presided over by the Oviedo town hall building, whose central arch, from Cimadevilla, is crossed, to reach Calle Cimadevilla, which leads between old buildings to Calle de La Rúa, flanked in part for the buildings that make up the Museum of Fine Arts of Asturias. The final destination of the street is the Plaza de Alfonso II, presided over by the Cathedral of San Salvador, the end point of this stage and the Camino del Salvador.