Vivienda mariñana

Peasant housing of the type called “casa mariñana” (C. Cabal), whose model appears distributed throughout the region, becoming a traditional reference. Its origin dates back to the sixteenth century, repeating the same pattern until the s. XIX, whose prototype seems to have been promoted by the landowners as housing for the colonists. It is a single-storey (terrestrial) house whose structure is repeated in the vast majority of cases: rectangular section with a two-sided roof and roof support trestle parallel to the façade line, which is usually oriented to the south or east. The façade follows a symmetrical distribution divided into three sections, the central one open with a gate, and on the sides the “hammers” or outside rooms usually used as bedrooms, in whose façade walls windows are opened. Inside the portal there are two doors that communicate with two separate spaces, one for a kitchen and the other for a stable or court for livestock, in the upper area of ​​which the wall is open to be used as a tenada or haystack. The rear facade is usually blind, or open with a small number of openings.
A. Paredes collects the standard measurements whose mean is 12.9 m. x 10.9 m., with few variations. The construction material is stone masonry, in most cases plastered, using vain red clay tiles on the roof, arranged in a channel and blanket, for the roof.


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